Zero Waste Store
Your Resource for Zero Waste Alternatives & Reusables
Kickstart Your Zero Waste Lifestyle
Do you want to kickstart your zero waste lifestyle? Our zero waste shop helps you to find and shop the best reusable, eco-friendly, natural, organic and plastic or waste free products so you can start reducing your waste footprint.
Say no to plastic and say yes to zero waste.
Maybe you know the ultimate list with zero waste alternatives from Lauren Singer. She made a great list of eco-friendly alternatives on her blog TrashIsForTossers and then decided to start her own zero waste store. Her blog inspired us in creating an even more extended store with ideas and inspiration for your plastic-free lifestyle.
The product list below provides you with eco-friendly everyday alternatives, so you can reduce waste. For more information about the recommended zero waste products you can check out the product descriptions at the second half of this page.
Top 5 Popular Zero Waste Products
Kickstart your Zero Waste lifestyle
Living a zero waste lifestyle and staying true to it is not always easy and requires dedication and time. We are here to facilitate and help you stay true to this lifestyle, or for some of you to kickstart and learn about the lifestyle that is zero waste. Shop eco-friendly today and start using reusable items and waste free products tomorrow.
Personal Care & Hygiene
Face & Body Care
Cleaning & Household
Eat & Drink
Basics to get you started
If you want to kickstart your zero waste lifestyle then we recommend these reusable products below. A reusable water bottle, reusable grocery bag and a dual recycling bin will really have a great impact in reducing waste in your life and household. How to start with zero waste? Check our zero waste guide for beginners.
Best Zero Waste Product Ideas
We’ve made a list of all kinds of products we use every day in our daily life. Such as products we use in the bathroom or in the kitchen. We searched the web to find eco-friendly, low/no waste alternatives that are way better to use for the environment. These products are for instance biodegradable, have a plastic-free packaging or are made of recycling-friendly and natural materials such as wood, glass or metal.
Let us inspire you to start your zero waste lifestyle.
It is pretty easy to live waste free and plastic free, it is just that you need to know where to begin. The list below will give you some ideas and solutions for eco-friendly alternatives for products you use daily. Thes esustainable products are also great gift ideas for family and friends, find more eco-friendly gift inspiration here. This list is an expantion of the list above and provides a breif description of each product.
Biodegradable Eco-Friendly Natural Bamboo Charcoal Toothbrush
Instead of using a disposable plastic toothbrush or an electric toothbrush with plastic tops you can use a bamboo toothbrush. Most people replace their disposable toothbrush or toothbrush top every two to three months. A bamboo or wooden zero waste toothbrush may feel a bit weird in the beginning because the texture is less smooth than plastic, but this is something you’ll get used to it pretty quick.
Wowe Lifestyle Natural Organic Bamboo Toothbrush
These bamboo toothbrushes have soft bristels, a biodegrable handle and a packaging out of recycled paper. Using these bamboo brushes will reduce the amount of plastic toothbrushes in the ocean, and these brushes even last just as long a normal plastic brush.
100% Natural Bamboo Toothbrush Soft (4 Pack)
Keep your teeth white and clean with these 100% natural biodegradable toothbrushes. The set comes with 4 bamboo toothebrushes that are made using super soft brisles. Bamboo is a great and strong material for toothbrushes because it does not blister or start chipping. The material is also water resistant so it ensures long-term use.
Fluoride Free Whitening Toothpaste
Hello Oral Care
This vegan toothpaste is free from dyes, sulfates, artificial sweeteners/flavors, microbeads, triclosan and gluten. It has never been tested on animals and is eco-friendly all the way down to the 100% recycled paperboard box printed with soy ink. This toothpaste does its job well and safely, while also looking nice on your bathroom sink.
Biodegradable Dental Floss With a Refillable Glass Holder
This zero waste dental floss has packaging is made of recycled paper, and has recyclable, refillable glass container for the floss which is made of compostable silk.
Gentlefloss Premium Dental Floss
Most dental floss comes in a plastic box. A better zero waste alternative is dental floss which comes in recyclable paper packaging. This eliminates the use of a disposable plastic container.
Dead Sea Mud Soap Bar Natural & Organic Ingredients
Aspen Kay Naturals
This soap bar for hands, body and face is made of mineral mud from the dead sea. It is appropriate for all skin types and is naturally scented. The soap bar is eco-friendly, organic, vegan, gluten free and not tested on animals. Lastly, it also comes in a recycled paper box, so it is perfect for any zero waste home.
Lavender Goats Milk Soap Bar with Oats
The Yellow Bird
This is a solid soap bar with generous amounts of goats milk, shea butter and whole oats. It will really make your skin feel soft. The soap bar is pollution free and is made of all natural products. So you’ll find no parabens, sulfates or synthetic fragrances and dyes in this soap bar.
Organyc 100% Organic Cotton Swabs
These are 100% organic cotton wool buds. They are soft, absorbant and perfect for personal care and applying and removing makeup or other cosmetics. Additionally, the swabs are packaged in eco-friendly cardboard.
Reusable Silicon Q-tips
Rnker Rnker Technology
At first glance these q-tips look normal but they are not. The tips are not made of cotton but of easy to clean silicon, this makes they Q-tips reusable therefore more friendly than single-use cotton Q-tips.
Silicon Spiral Ear Cleaners
This product is ecofriendly, reusable alternative to cleaning your ears with a single-use cotton swab. Its comes with tips in multiple sizes and the spiral shape holds onto the wax so you can pull it out and then wash it off.
Dead Sea Mud Mask
Aria Starr Beauty
This mud mask is both effective, natural and more eco-friendly than most other facial masks you will find. It is ideal for people with oily skin with blemishes and has come in package that is easily reused for other purposes.
Baking Soda Free Deodorant Cream
Meow Meow Tweet
An alternative for a deodorant spray is a deodorant cream. This deodorant cream comes in a plastic free packaging. The cream is effective for all activities and keeps you fresh throughout the day.
Natural & Organic Deodorant
This organic deodorant is plastic-free, healthy and safe to use. The deodorant contains coconut oil, bees wax, baking soda, arrowroot powder and essential oils. The pacakging is recycled and compostable and doesn’t contain any plastic.
Body Sponge Activated Charcoal
Clean your whole body in the shower or bath with this charcoal body sponge. It is 100% natural and eco-friendly, and is packaged in a cardboard box. The sponge is free of parabens, sulphates & chemicals. After using the sponge multiple time you can compost the body sponge.
Moisturizer Eco Formula
This natural moisturizing sun protection comes in a reusable tin packaging. The water resistant sunscreen is made of raw natural products ansd contains no preservatives, stabilizers or fragrances. It is very natural and the sunscreen feels soft on the skin.
The Chieftain Double Edge Safety Razor
Why would you use a disposable plastic flimsy safety razor. A better zero waste alternative is a metal safety razor, which feels great in the hand. We’ve selected a reusable safety razor which is packaged in a cardboard box. The razor itself sits in a leatherette & suede case with mirror, so perfect for traveling as well.
Activated Charcoal Scrub 10 oz
This activated charcoal scrub for your face is made up of all natural ingredient. It is intended for deep cleaning, exfoliation, and pore minimization. The only catch is the plastic jar packaging but this jar can be recycled or reused for other purposes as it looks nice. For example, you can use it to store cotton pads for instance.
Shampoo Bar With Virgin Coconut Aragan Oil
When you think of shampoo you probably think of a plastic bottle filled with your favorite hair product. But you can also use shampoo bars. The shampoo bar we selected is 100% biodegradable and 100% vegan. This means that there is no plastic packaging and the shampoo bar itself isn’t harmful for the sea life. You can also find more shampoo bars on Amazon.
Organic Castile Soap Bar for Body
Fieldworks Supply Company
The organic soap bar is all-natural and uses as few ingredients as possible. The soap contains a mix of plant-based oils and natural clays. Great to use as hand soap or body soap under the shower.
Eco-Friendly Solid Shampoo Bar for Normal-Dry Hair
Are you looking for a sustainable and natural shampoo bar that is 100% plastic-free, vegan and plant based? Then this Ethique shampoo bar for normal-dry hair is a great zero waste solution. The shampoo bar is equivalent to three bottles of liquid shampoo. The bar contains coconut oil and cocoa butter with peppermint. The soap bars are available in all kinds of scents.
Eco-Friendly Conditioner Bar for Normal-Dry Hair
The guardian conditioner bar is plastic free, palm oil free, vegan and cruelty free. Additionally, the packaging is compostable and the bar itself lasts as long as 5 liquid conditioner bottles would. In addition to being eco-friendly, the conditioner bar containing Cocoa butter, Coconut Oil, Vitamin B5 and zesty lime oil, which are prefect for hydrating you hair and making it look smooth and healthy.
Eco Friendly Voodoo Activated Charcoal Deep Solid Conditioner Bar
Beauty and the Bees
This conditioner comes in no-plastic packaging and is made from all natural ingredients. The solid conditioner bar comes in a round metal container and is good for 100 – 130 washes. The conditioner includes organic Leatherwood honey from the Australian rain forest.
Honey Silk Solid Conditioner Bar for Shiny Healthy Hair
Beauty and the Bees
This conditioner is 100% all natural and contains organic ingredients only. So no synthetic chemicals, sulfates, parabens and fake fragrances in this product. The conditioner can be used daily and it is for all hair types, suitable for both men and women. It untangles and softens your hair and it gives a nice smell to it.
Biodegradable Elastic Hair Ties for Women & Men
These biodegradable compostable hair ties are plastic free, have eco-friendly packaging and use only natural dyes to color them black. The hair tie is made of natural rubber and cotton making it strong and durable while keeping your hair in place.
Biodegradable Plastic-Free Hair Ties
These organic hair ties that are plastic-free. These elastic, no crease hair ties are made of organic cotton (75%) and natural rubber (25%).
Natural Wooden Hair Brush
This is a natural sandalwood hair brush which contains zero plastic. The detangling hair comb has natural rounded bristles which are attached to a rubber base. The brush handle is crafted of a strong and durable natural sandalwood.
Medicinal Lip Balm
This is an all natural and plastic-free lip balm that moisturizes dry and cracked lips. It is all natural and contains only organic ingredients. The lip balm is packaged in a recyclable tin that is also biodegradable. You can even get a 10 piece variety pack packaged in kraft paperboard, which contains lip balm, salve and lotion lubes.
100% Natural Lip Balm
This 100% plant based lipbalm contains boysenberry vanille, figs and honey. The tube is not made of plastic but it is made of 10% recycled paper, which is eco-friendly and biodegradable. The lip balm is flavored with real fruit that helps to repair cell damage on you lips.
Natural Cotton Rounds Reusable 16 Packs
This 16 pack of reusable, organic, and eco-friendly double layered bamboo fleece pads comes with a cute laundry bag to facilitate washing them. These pads feel great and are easy to reuse over and over, eliminating the waste that normal cotton pads produce. The stitching of these pads is durable and will allow you to get maximum value out of this investment.
Beautifully Kit Makeup Brush Set
This high quality 5 piece makeup brush set is vegan, cruelty free and made of recycled tree free materials and renewable bamboo. The brushes are made up of cotton and bamboo fibers. They are ideal for traveling and the set contains the basic must-have makeup brushes: foundation brush, concealer brush, eye shadow brush, angled liner brush & blush brush.
7 Piece Bamboo Makeup Brush Set
This is a 7 piece set of bamboo makeup brushes. The zero waste makeup brushes come in a cotton travel pouch. The wooden handles are hand crafted and made to last. Use the brushes to apply face and eye makeup.
Microfiber Face Cloth: Ultra Dense 3 Pk 12″ x 12″
Stop removing makeup with chemicals and one time cotton pads, instead use this pack of 3 large reusable cloths and warm water. You can rinse and reuse these makeup cloths 100’s of times. This makes it an eco-friendly alternative for normal disposal makeup remover pads.
Lola Eco Clean Bamboo and Tampico Dish Brush
Harold Import Co.
This is an all natural dish brush. The handle is made of strong bamboo and the bristles are made of tampico plant. The reusable and eco-friendly dish brush will also look very nice in your kitchen.
Automatic Dishwasher Soap Tablets
This box of naturally derived dishwasher tablets contains 25 blocks and are fragrance-free. The tablets are packaged in a 100% recyclable cardboard box. Another great advantag is that these dishwasher tablets are biodegradable and fish friendly.
Automatic Dishwashing Powder
This dishwasher detergent is 100% natural and cleans your dishes in an eco-friendly way, because it has a biodegradable formula.
Medium Cotton Flock Lined Household Gloves
If You Care
Do you prefer to clean your house with household gloves on? Well then you can protect your hands with these biodegradable, all-natural, reusable latex gloves. The gloves are even packaged in FSC-certified recycled board.
Scouring scrub pad
Clean your dishes with these reusable scrubs. They are made in Europe and are 100% cotton. The scrubbers are reusable because you can wash them and use them over and over again. You can replace your old scrub sponges with these colorful zero waste scouring pads.
100% compostable trash bags
These trash bags are great to use for compostable trash, such as vegetable or fruit waste and leftover foods. The UNNI bags are fully compostable because they are made from the starches of plants. So this means the bags don’t contain polyethylene, which is plastic, and therefore degrade over time.
Natural Liquid Dish Soap
This liquid dish soap has a powerful plant based vegan formula. The formula is free from harsh chemicals and has never been tested on animals. This soap is both effective and safe for households with a septic system tank. Additionally it also has a sustainable 100% recycled package.
Air Purifying Bag
This all natural air purifying bag eliminates odors in your bathroom or restroom. But you can use this also in your closet, car or other areas where you may want to prevent mold, mildew and bacteria from forming. It is fragrance free, chemical free and non-toxic. You can reuse the odor eliminator for upto two years.
Lola Eco Clean Bamboo and Tampico Scrub Brush
Harold Import Co.
Replace your plastic scrub brush with a all natural scrub brush. This one is made of bamboo, with bristles made of tampico plant. The advantage of these bristels is that they provide a much greater water absorpation than plastic bristles. The brush looks great, is functional and is also environmentally friendly.
Union Fiber Toilet Brush with Untreated Beechwood Handle
A wooden toilet brush looks so much prettier than a cheap plastic toilet brush. This toilet brush is made of untreated beechwood and union fiber. The brush is great for everyday cleaning of your toilet thanks to the extra stiff bristles.
Essential Professional Bulk Toilet Paper
These bathroom tissues are great for residential, office and commercial use. The white toilet paper has a great strength and absorbency. A roll of this toilet paper contains 100% recycled paper. The rolls are packaged in a paper wrapper.
Laundry Detergent Pods
The powder pods from Stoneworks are made with natural ingredients and has a non-toxic formula. The powder is fragrance, phosphate and chlorine free. You can use this powder for all temperatures and makes your laundry clean and soft.
Organic Laundry Detergent
This box contains 100 loads of dried de-seeded soap berries, known as soap nuts or soap berries. These berries grow on trees in the Himalayas. You can use these ‘eco nuts’ as a detergent and softner. They are USDA certified organic. You can reuse the berries up to 10 times. Your clothes feel soft and smell great thanks to this all-purpose organic laundry soap. We recommend getting a 100% natural laundry wash bags to hold your soap nuts.
Wool Dryer Balls
These wool dryer balls (from New Zealand) can be reused over 1,000 times. The balls are 100% natural and organic. It keeps your clothes and other laundry toxin free. The durable laundry balls are naturally felt and contain no synthetic fibers or fillers.
Laundry Detergent & Dryer Sheet Sets
Grab Green Stoneworks
This laundry kit contains natural laundry pods and dryer sheets. The products are made with naturally-derived ingredients. The dryer sheets are compostable and the overall kit is deseigned to minimize impact on the environment. The paper sack is recycle-friendly, even the ink is water based. The boxes of dryer sheets are made of recycled paper.
Non-Toxic Vegan Powdered Laundry Detergent
This laundry soda comes in a metal container which can be reused for other purposes and the soda is made from all-natural ingredients which are biodegradable, non-toxic, gluten free and are septic safe. The soda is free of chemicals and is tough enough to clean your laundry.
Reusable 100% Natural Dishcloths (set of 3)
The DII Swedish Dishcloths are made of 70% cellulose (wood pulp) and 30% cotton, so they are environmenally friendly. The set contains three dishcloths available in multiple beautiful designs, we really like this set with lemons on them. Each cloth measures 7.75 x 6.74″ and are a great alternative to sponges and single-use paper towels. The cloths are super absorbent and can be easily cleaned in the washing machine or even dishwasher.
BPA Free Shower & Bath Soap Holder
The Aira soap saver is BPA-free and recyclable, and made of chemical free bioplastics. What this simple and elegant soap saver does is let your wet and sticky soap bar dry from the bottom as well, so that is doesn’t stick to and leave slimy soap left overs on your sink or counter tops. It is available in multiple colours and shapes and has the dimensions 4 x 3 x 0.2 inches. And you can always customise the size by cutting it.
Compostable Wooden Forks
A 100 piece set of compostable wooden forks. These forks turn into compost in under 60 days. With these forks you eliminate unnecessary landfill waste.
Compostable Wooden Knives
A 100 piece set of compostable wooden knives. These kinves turn into compost in under 60 days. With these knives you eliminate unnecessary landfill waste.
Compostable Wooden Spoons
Disposable bamboo spoons which are 100% compostable and have a plastic free packaging. Ideal for a big party or event.
Wooden Disposable Cutlery Combo Set – 300 pc
Metal food utensils for a party can take up too much of your storage. Disposable utensils are a popular solution. The negative side is that most of them are plastic which pollute our ecosystem and create a lot of waste. You can tackle this by buying eco friendly, biodegradable bamboo utensils, which you can throw away with the leftover food from your party.
9 Inch Disposable Bamboo Chopsticks, Pack of 100
Oldschool bamboo chopsticks with paper wrap for single use which can be composted afterwards. The wrapper is made of paper which can also be recycled.
Palm Leaf Disposable Bamboo Style Square Bowls 5.5″ (16oz)
All-natural bowls that are great for an outdoor lunch or event. The square shaped sturdy bowls are compostable and made of palm leafes.
Disposable Wood Plates 7.5” x 5.5” – 50Pk.
These disposable wooden plates that are all-natural and eco-friendly. They are a much better alternative than plastic or styrofoam plates. These wooden plates are compostable.
100% Compostable Paper PLA-Lined 8 Ounce Coffee Hot Cup in KRAFT (Package of 200)
These coffee cups are 100% biodegradable and compostable and you can throw them away with your leftover foods. They are made of kraft paper. Fully recyclable packaging and produce no plastic waste. Great for coffee or tea.
Bamboo Coffee Stir Sticks (500, 7 Inch)
Rupert & Jeoffrey’s Trading
These bamboo stirrers are stronger than their wooden and plastic alternatives. The bamboo stir sticks are fully biodegradable and great to stear hot bevarages such as tea and coffee or cold drinks such as a summer cocktail.
Biodegradable Paper Straws, 100 Pink Straws/Gold
Biodegradable paper straws with a fun design, available in all kinds of colours. These paper straws are more eco-friendly than polluting plastic straws. The paper straws are very durable and FDA approved. Great to use for (zero waste) parties.
Hydro Flask 40 oz Double Wall Vacuum Insulated Stainless Steel Water Bottle
The Hydro Flask is a reusable water bottle with double wall insulation. This means that hot drinks, such as tea or coffee, stays hot in this bottle for 6 hours and chilled water stays cold and refreshing fo upto 24 hours. Your beverage tastes great because of the 18/8 stainles steel food-grade and thanks to the powder coating you have extra grip. For the complete VSCO look we also recommend some reusable straws, sksksks!
- More inspiration about reusable water bottles.
Stainless Steel 3-in-1 Bento Lunch Box
This stainless steel 3-in-1 lunch box is great for both kids and adults. It has insert pods to separate food and can hold upto 6 cups of food. It is a great ecofriendly, healthy, and durable container with a lifetime warranty and high quality material.
- More inspiration about reusable lunch boxes.
FS Kitchen Round Clear Glass Airtight Lids Chalkboard Canister Jar (Set of 3)
These round clear glass canister jars are ideal for storing dry unparishable foods such as rice, pasta or coffee beans. They are a great alternative that also looks appealing. This set of 3 is air tight and comes with stick on lables that can be written on with chalk.
Portable Utensils, Travel Camping Cutlery Set, 8-Piece Set
This 8 piece set of portable, reusable cutlery has every utensil you could need for your lunch at work, school, or elsewhere. It contains a stainless steel knife, fork, spoon, chopsticks, cleaning brush, and 2 stainless steel straws, as well as a handy portable case. With this set you will no longer need to use wood or plastic utensils that you throw away after one time use.
Reusable Coffee Cup
This durable KeepCup will allow you to never have to drink out of paper or plastic cups again. It is a glass cup with a leak proof lid that features a convienent sip hole. This cup comes in different colors, materials and 3 sizes .
- More inspiration about reusable coffee cups.
Brita Extra Large 18 Cup Filtered Water Dispense
This convinient Brita water dispencer filters your tapwater to make it cleaner, while also allowing you to significantly reduce your use of plastic bottles. The dispencer can hold up to 18 cups of water and features a handy filter chrage reminder and an instant pour system.
Soma 10-Cup Water Filter Pitcher
The water filter pitcher contains a filter that reduces chlorine, mercury, copper and more out of your tap water. The pitchers holds 80oz, which is around 10 glasses of fresh filtered water. The shatter-proof pitcher is made of BPA-free plastic. The sleek looking pitcher has a wooden handle, so it looks good on your table and the size fits most fridges.
SodaStream Source Sparkling Water Maker Starter Kit
The SodaStream Source is one of the most popular soda makers. With a soda maker you can make your own sparkling water at home. The soda machine comes with a 1L BPA-fre bottle, a CO2 carbonator cartridge and some sample syrups to get you started. You snap in the soda bottle easily thanks to the Snap-Lock bottle technology. Press on the top of the SodaStream and the LED indicators show the level of carbonation.
- More inspiration about soda makers.
Silicone Baking Mat Sheet, Set of 3
This Amazon Basic baking mat will replace all one time use baking paper in your household. It is avalible in different sizes and for different purposes. These sheets are easy to clean and will prevent anything you bake on them from sticking to the surface.
Eco Friendly Reusable Beeswax Food Wraps (3 Pack)
These Bee’s wrap sheets are a sustainable and natural alternative for food storage. They are reuseable and malable when warmed with body heat. Moreover, the look cute and are easy to clean with cold water and mild soap.
Heavy Duty Eco Friendly Machine Washable Reusable Bamboo Towels
Kitchen + Home
These reuseable Bamboo towels are heavy duty eco-friendly and machine washable. One roll of the babmboo towels will replace 6 months worth of normal paper towels. They are ideal for any type of cleaning task as they do not rip easily and can be washed multiple times.
Biodegradable Phone Cases
Do you want to protect your smartphone in a durabela and eco-friendly way? Then consider these biodegradable phone cases from Pela. This brand offers beautiful and colorful phone cases for iPhone, Samsung and other popular smartphone brands. The compostable phone cases keeps our oceans plastic free, one case at a time. Pela also produces zero-waste screen protectors.
4ocean Recycled Conservation Bracelet
There is so much garbage in our oceans and if you care about clean water then you really like the idea behind these bracelets. The fun looking unisex bracelts are made from recycled materials and are waterprofof. Each bracelet funds the cleanup of one pound of trash that floats around in the ocean.
Zero Waste Home
Author: Bea Johnson
Bea Johnson is ‘the Priestess of Waste-Free Living’. In her book she shares her story how she transformed her and her family’s life to a zero waste lifestyle. Currently her family produce just one quart of garbage a year. This books shares helpful zero-waste advice and secrets to help you get started.
Tips for finding more Zero Waste Products
- Go to Amazon
- Type in the product you are searching for in the search bar
- Add one of the following words: ‘natural, organic, eco, eco-friendly, plastic-free, zero waste, biodegradable, compostable’.
Every year more than 8 million tons of plastic trash flows into the world’s oceans. Most of this plastic trash comes from discarded single-use disposable plastic products, such as:
- Plastic water / soda bottles
- Plastic straws
- Plastic grocery bags
- Plastic coffee cups
- Plastic lunch bags
- Plastic cigarette lighters
- Plastic toothbrushes
- Plastic safety razors
- Plastic food containers
- Plastic cutlery
Do you want to help the environment and reduce plastic waste pollution in our oceans? Then start using eco-friendly and biodegradable alternatives.
Zero Waste books
Learn how to live a Zero Waste lifestyle from the most successful Zero Waste authors.
Author: Amy Korst
The Zero-Waste Lifestyle: Live Well by Throwing Away Less
Author: Beth Terry
Plastic-Free: How I Kicked the Plastic Habit and How You Can Too
Step Up: Recycle, Reuse & Reduce
The three arrows of the recycling symbol represent the three main stages of the recycling process: recycling, reusing and reducing. Together the arrows form a closed loop. Step up and implement eco-friendly replacements in your daily life.
By Cara Dettmann/ 7 January 2020